The South Australian Government has opened new chemical and paint drop-off centres in Campbelltown, Heathfield, North Plympton and Edinburgh North.
Environment Minister David Speirs said the state government contributed more than $1 million to the centres, with local partners set to operate the facilities.
“Until now, householders could only access a depot at Dry Creek, which only opened on the first Tuesday morning of each month for three hours,” Mr Speirs said.
“The new facilities make it significantly easier for South Australian households to safely dispose of these chemicals, and I encourage everyone to take advantage of this free service.”
According to Mr Speirs, many people don’t realise the damage that can be caused when chemicals and paint are handled or disposed of incorrectly.
“Apart from the threat to our waterways and surrounding environments if flushed into our sewerage and drain systems, storing unused hazardous chemicals at home or in the garden shed can be potentially lethal if not handled properly,” Mr Speirs said.
“They can be particularly dangerous to young children who cannot yet read warning labels.”
Mr Speirs said it was important to note that some items and substances would not be accepted, such as ammunition, asbestos, tyres, fertiliser and pharmaceuticals.
“Residents are reminded to keep chemicals in their original containers where possible, and ensure they are clearly labelled and well-sealed,” Mr Speirs said.
“It is also best to place open or leaking containers in a plastic rubbish bin or bucket, and transport them in the boot of the car or a trailer making it safer for the driver and to also assist in worker safety at the depots.”
The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) has released a new experimental account on waste, as part of its work establishing environmental-economic accounts.
According to an ABS statement, environmental-economic accounts bring information about the environment and its relationship with the economy together.
“The experimental waste account provides information on who generates waste and how it is managed,” the statement reads.
“Information on the financial aspects of the waste industry are presented alongside information about the physical amount and types of waste, to provide a broader picture of waste in Australia.”
The account is the first to be released under the common national approach to environmental-economic accounting in Australia.
The ABS last produced a waste account in 2014.
“The latest experimental account utilises a more detailed dataset, providing more waste types and industry level information than was previously released,” the statement reads.
According to ABS Centre for Environmental and Satellite Accounts Director Jonathon Khoo, the Australian economy generated 68.9 megatonnes of waste in 2016-17, 27.6 per cent of which was sent to landfill.
“As Australia uses more of its waste in the production of other goods, the Waste Account, Australia, Experimental Estimates publication provides an information framework to help identify opportunities for utilising discarded materials,” Mr Khoo said.
Of the industries highlighted in the account, those with the highest waste intensity — waste generated divided by gross value added — were, electricity, gas, water and waste services at 291 tonnes per million, construction at 151.8 tonnes per million and manufacturing at 105.6 tonnes per million.
In an Australian-first, nine South Australian councils have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to prioritise the purchase of products made from recycled materials.
According to Local Government Association of South Australia (LGA) President Sam Telfer, the MOU is the beginning of a circular procurement pilot project led by the LGA, with the assistance of a $96,500 Green Industries SA grant.
Mr Telfer said the goal is to increase local demand for recycled materials, support the development of a circular economy in SA and reduce waste and recycling costs for councils.
“China’s National Sword Policy has made waste and recycling significantly more expensive for South Australian councils,” Mr Telfer said.
Mr Telfer said it was vital to develop new markets for recycled materials in South Australia, and to support this, councils should prioritise the use of recycled materials in their procurement processes.
“This MOU sends a clear message to industry about the types of products that councils want to purchase as part of their commitment to supporting the environment and improving their sustainability,” Mr Telfer said.
Through the MOU, councils have committed to prioritising the purchase of recycled-content products through the procurement process, and tracking and reporting on recycled-content purchasing by weight.
According to a LGA statement, most will also adopt a rolling target for the purchase of recycled plastic products, and work towards eventually buying back recycled materials equivalent to half the weight of plastics collected in council areas.
“Examples of products made of recycled materials that can be purchased by councils include road and construction materials, street furniture, bollards, office stationery and compost,” the statement reads.
“The MOU was signed on-site at Advanced Plastic Recycling (APR); a leading manufacturer and designer of recycled wood plastic composite products made from 100 per cent post-consumer waste. Products produced by APR include bollards, boardwalks, fencing and street furniture.”
APR CEO Ryan Lokan said that by using materials sourced locally from kerbside recycling, APR prevent 1500 tonnes of plastic and 1500 tonnes of wood from entering landfill each year.
“The greatest benefit coming from mandatory buy back is the demand created,” Mr Lokan said.
“Demand drives innovation and it is companies like ours that will rise to the challenge to meet the requirements for recycled material.”
South Australian Environment Minister David Speirs said improved recycling and resource recovery not only reduces the amount of waste sent to landfill, but also supports the state’s economy.
“This project will help drive local demand for recycled materials, supporting local reprocessing and remanufacturing opportunities here in South Australia,” Mr Speirs said.
Participating councils include Adelaide Hills Council, City of Burnside, City of Charles Sturt, Mount Barker District Council, Rural City of Murray Bridge, City of Norwood Payneham & St Peters, City of Onkaparinga, City of Port Adelaide Enfield and City of Prospect.
City of Onkaparinga Mayor Erin Thompson said the circular procurement pilot project highlights councils working together to find positive and long-term solutions, to issues facing recycling in South Australia and across the country.
“This announcement builds on our plans – and those of other SA councils – to establish new material recycling facilities in our communities,” Ms Thompson said.
“Exciting projects like this help us become more self-sufficient, create circular economies and reduce our reliance on recycling companies, delivering major benefits to the environment and local economy.”
Adelaide Hills Council Acting Mayor Nathan Daniel said the program will lead to improved knowledge and understanding of circular procurement, through the increased purchase of products with recycled content.
“This will in turn provide stability and ongoing markets for recyclable material placed in the kerbside recycling bin. Adelaide Hills Council is committed to providing leadership in transitioning to a sustainable future that prioritises the use of recycled material,” Mr Daniel said.
“It’s essential that we continue to look at ways to reduce the amount of waste we send to landfill. Council hopes the pilot project will help develop local markets for recyclable materials by increasing market demand for recycled content products and materials.”
The NSW EPA has published two new guidance documents to help the construction and demolition industry strengthen their procurement and contract processes around waste disposal.
In NSW, waste owners and transporters may be guilty of an offence if construction and demolition waste is transported to the wrong facility or disposed of illegally.
Individuals can be fined up to $250,000, while corporations can be fined up to $1,000,000. If the offence involves asbestos waste, the fines double.
EPA Executive Director Waste Operations Carmen Dwyer said the documents, Construction and Demolition Waste: A Management Toolkit and Owner’s Guide to Lawful Disposal of Construction and Demolition Waste, will help both private and government organisations strengthen their waste processes.
“We know that most people in this industry are keen to cut out unlawful behaviour, and the toolkit and guide provide steps that businesses can take to ensure their waste material is lawfully disposed of,” Ms Dwyer said.
“The documents provide step-by-step guides to help industry bolster their contracts with waste transporters, and factor in control measures from the beginning of the procurement process through to disposal.”
Guidance includes knowing what waste streams will be generated, questioning waste management quotes that appear too low, checking council development consent and environment protection laws and having clear roles and responsibilities for everyone managing waste on the project.
Kelly’s Waste Management has invested in a new Palfinger hookloader to maximise payloads and support expected growth in Tasmania’s resource recovery sector.
Tasmania’s resource recovery sector is expected to grow once the state’s new Waste Action Plan is implemented.
The plan sets a transition framework for the state’s waste sector through a series of ambitious resource recovery targets. Targets include achieving an 80 per cent average recovery rate from all waste streams by 2030.
To capitalise on anticipated economic growth and grow their collection fleet, Kelly’s Waste Management has invested in a new Palfinger Hookloader to maximise payloads.
Kelly’s operates out of Romaine in north-west Tasmania, an area with substantial parklands and a growing population. Key industries include heavy manufacturing, forestry and farming and, as a result, the region produces a sizeable amount of waste.
John Kelly, Kelly’s Waste Management Director, says the family-owned and operated business has been providing environmental solutions to Tasmania for over 50 years.
John explains that after purchasing a Volvo truck with a mounted Palfinger unit, he was impressed with how well it performed.
He adds that noticing how the unit supported consistent operations and driver performance inspired him to contact Stuart Cameron, Palfinger’s Key Account Manger.
After explaining Kelly’s application requirements, John says Stuart suggested a telescopic T22A hookloader.
“We required a unit that could carry our large waste transfer bins, as well as our general hooklift and vacuum hooklift tankers,” John says.
In addition to carrying large waste transfer bins, Kelly’s required a unit to accommodate a dismount vacuum container.
“Kelly’s had worked with Palfinger in the past and I knew they could supply a unit to facilitate all of this in the one truck,” John says.
“We initially hired Palfinger to fit the unit but ended up needing a lot more, including a vac system hydraulics installation, which they accommodated.”
John says the unit’s high-tensile steel reduces hookloader weight, allowing the company to significantly increase payloads.
“Optimised weight also increases longevity and reduces fuel cost, which is a plus given our large area of operations,” he says.
The T22A hookloader is a bi-point unit, meaning horizontal forces are reduced and tipping capacity is increased.
Additionally, the unit comes with an automatic mechanical safety latch that secures containers from falling during loading and unloading. John says drivers can open the latch on demand.
“Our drivers love the easy operation and control they have over the unit,” he says.
“It assists smooth operation, safety and reliability, which drivers say helps them run efficient and predictable routes.”
The T22A allows for the use of multi-length containers and features integrated in-cab controls, that position the articulated arm during low loading situations and allows a maximum tipping angle of 48 degrees.
Before assembling, the unit’s main components are sandblasted, degreased, primer painted, and electro-statically coated according to customer specifications. All additional parts are treated for anti-corrosion, maximising the life of the unit and providing a greater re-sale value.
According to John, the Palfinger T22A Hookloader has run smoothly since joining the Kelly’s fleet.
“The unit is really helping us keep up with demand, while also guaranteeing a quality of service to councils, industry and the wider public,” John explains.
“With this hooklift, Kelly’s can continue to grow and expand our range of waste services.”
John says Stuart and the wider Palfinger sales team were in regular contact throughout the unit build.
He adds that spare parts are only a phone call away, with Stuart travelling down from Victoria to oversee the handover, training and first few days of operation in the field went smoothly.
“I’ve worked with Palfinger in the past, and while the superior quality of their units is unquestionable, it’s their commitment to service and ensuring the unit matches our requirements that keeps me coming back,” John says.
Peterson’s 2710D caters to high production operations for wood and green waste and frequent moves between jobs.
Available through Australian supplier Komatsu Forest, the Peterson 2710D is accessible in five different models, including 4710, 5710 and 6710.
The machine provides the choice of engines of a powerful Caterpillar Tier IV C15 580 horsepower or optional Tier II C18 765 horsepower for export. As a heavy duty and mobile machine, the 2710D offers high throughputs in a reduced size.
Peterson’s three-stage grinding process provides a consistent product and better fracturing of material than previous models. Its patented impact release system airbags provides uniform grinding and protection from contaminated feedstock.
Its large feed opening is ideal for processing odd sized feedstock. The opening is among the largest in its class, measuring in at 60 by 32 inches, and offers a maximum lift of 42 inches.
Urethrane cushions and shear pins aim to protect the mill from catastrophic damage in the event of contaminated feedstock.
The 2710D also features a large grate area that enables it to produce materials to exact specifications. The quick change multiple grate system makes it easy to customise grate configurations and produce a range of finished materials. Grates can be removed through an easy access door on the side wall.
Academics engaged to provide comment on Victoria’s draft Circular Economy Policy have warned that without industry input, the strategy’s success could be limited.
The Victorian Circular Economy Policy draft was opened to public comment earlier this year.
According to the official document, the policy aims to re-define growth by decoupling economic activity from the consumption of finite resources and design waste out of the system.
According to RMIT professors Usha Iyer-Raniga and Scott Valentine, the strategy needs to involve a rethinking of resource efficiency across the economy, and extend its focus beyond Victoria’s waste and recycling crisis.
Ms Iyer-Raniga said while environmental ministries have an important role in circular economy strategic development, business model innovation and corporate buy-ins are needed to foster results.
“As the Danish and Dutch experiences in circular economy planning show us, it is not only about diverting tins of soda away from landfills, it is about new innovations and new strategies for producing and consuming goods and services,” Ms Iyer-Raniga said.
Both Ms Iyer-Raniga and Mr Valentine are members of RMIT’s CE Hub, which helps businesses find profitable resource efficiency strategies.
“If implemented correctly, a circular economy strategy will enhance corporate profitability, reduce resource costs, make Australian industry more competitive and create new business and jobs,” Mr Valentine said.
“In short, the circular economy needs to be approached as an economic development strategy, and connections need to be made with research and development hubs like we have at RMIT. Failure to do so will discourage corporate buy-in and the initiative will underperform.”
The first truck loads of construction and demolition waste are being removed from a waste stockpile in Lara, Geelong, after the Victorian Government took control of site management in May.
Environment Minister Lily D’Ambrosio said the process could take several years, with the state government providing $30 million for clean-up and fire prevention measures.
“Poor site management practices by the previous operator let the recycling waste grow to dangerous levels, resulting in an unacceptable fire risk to the local community, the environment and emergency services,” Ms D’Ambrosio said.
“There is absolutely no excuse for the reckless behaviour of the people who left this mess for us to deal with, and we will have no hesitation pursuing them to cover the cost of the clean-up.”
According to Ms D’Ambrosio, the site contains an estimated 320,000 cubic metres of predominantly construction and demolition waste, including materials such as timber, concrete, bricks, plaster, glass and ceramics.
“The first stage will be the processing and removal of a 27,000 cubic metre stockpile of timber, weighing an estimated 3500 tonnes,” Ms D’Ambrosio said.
“The City of Greater Geelong will project manage the works on behalf of the EPA and government, including managing interim fire risk measures by maintaining 24/7 security, secure fencing and maintenance of firefighting equipment.”
Ms D’Ambrosio said the EPA is pursuing previous site occupiers, owners, company directors and any other relevant parties to recover the costs of the fire prevention measures and clean up.
“Since August 2017, the EPA has had additional powers to support Victoria’s fire services and issue remedial notices to facilities not properly managing potential fire risks,” Ms D’Ambrosio said.
“These powers will be strengthened further under the new Environment Protection Act which will come into effect on 1 July 2020, to prevent situations like this in the future.”
A campaign which aims to raise awareness about the amount of waste households produce in WA has been gaining attention throughout Australia.
It’s been featured on the War on Waste and the mainstream press and it was presented at this year’s Waste 2019 Conference.
Face Your Waste has reached two million households – an extraordinary result in a state of just over 2.5 million. The campaign allows households to volunteer as bin ambassadors and use a transparent bin.
Mindarie Regional Council (MRC), one of WA’s largest waste authorities in Perth’s north, devised Face Your Waste two years ago with a view to making its residents more conscious of the waste they were producing. The authority is responsible for member councils that include the cities of Joondalup, Perth, Stirling, Vincent and Wanneroo and the towns of Cambridge and Victoria Park.
Australians generated 13.8 million tonnes of core waste in 2017 (excluding hazardous waste, ash and landfill gas), according to the National Waste Report 2018. In the Perth metro area this was 539 kilograms per capita in 2016-17.
Face Your Waste was spawned off the back of a lack of awareness of what happens to our waste after it leaves the kerbside.
The idea was to confront residents with their waste and inspire better outcomes. Its aims are to reduce contamination, waste to landfill and most importantly, waste creation in the first place.
Face Your Waste provides practical tips on how to reduce/avoid waste as traditional campaigns talk a lot about dealing with waste better as opposed to not creating so much. It is also aiming to be relatable with a comedic campaign spokesperson “Famous Sharron”, who provides simple tips such as taking reusable bags to the store and favouring quality over quantity.
The message supports that of Own Your Impact, a WA Government initiative focused on inspiring Western Australians to take ownership of their waste.
Geoff Atkinson, Education Manager at MRC, says the campaign has exceeded expectations beyond what council could have imagined.
“It actually got tremendous traction within various aspects of the media and since then basically everyone in the Perth metropolitan area has seen the Face Your Waste message,” Geoff explains.
“We wanted to really capture people’s imagination and get them talking about their waste – a little bit different to other campaigns. While they’re important, it can be easy to gloss over the issue and think that’s someone else’s waste.”
The program was first rolled out in April last year at a variety of households over a two-week period, using its 20 clear bins. MRC’s feedback found that a standard bin cycle was not enough to make a change and soon moved to a complete month.
He says that initial tests showed the 240-litre bins were robust enough to withstand side lift and rear loader trucks. The success of the program has seen more than 350 bin ambassadors registered in the first six months.
Geoff says feedback has been overall positive. He says that anecdotally, people taking part in the trial are making conscious decisions to purchase differently.
“From what we gather with the research we’ve done, transparent bins haven’t been used anywhere else and it’s actually quite unique,” Geoff explains.
Although some residents are concerned about people knowing what’s in their bins, the concept is voluntary and therefore would not affect households that don’t want to participate. The program is not intended to penalise householders in any way but rather increase community engagement.
“We’re not looking to roll this out to all households on a permanent basis. I think it has a novelty factor about it. If everyone had clear bins I wonder if it would work as it would become normalised,” he says.
Anecdotally, the project has drawn attention to how much waste households produce each month.
“When you put your bins out, you don’t really know whether what your putting out is a normal amount or how it ranks in terms of what others put out. So with these bins you can make a comparison to your neighbours.”
He adds that this provides a benchmark for others to look to eliminate unnecessary waste while also potentially identifying contamination more easily.
“It provides a bit of community competition where they can share stories and exchange ideas and make decisions on how they can do it better,” Geoff says.
“Some people thought they were doing things right but then go to see what their bin looked like and realised they produced a lot of avoidable waste or recyclables.”
He says where they have been used at events, including business training, they have proved a useful tool in improving contamination education.
He says numerous other councils in Australia and New Zealand have expressed interest in replicating the concept. The idea might also be able to be linked to other initiatives such as food and garden organic rollouts or single-use plastic bag bans to encourage waste reduction.
“The broader idea behind this campaign is that it can reduce contamination and the amount of waste being produced in the first place. It’s putting it back to grassroots and taking ownership that can be dovetailed into other campaigns,” he says.
As to the project’s next steps? Geoff says that MRC will look to measure waste reduction outcomes and provide some data on the longevity of behavioural change.
“It’s important to know if people keep reducing their waste after reverting back to normal bins and it creates a pattern of behavioural change that allows people to keep doing the right thing afterwards.
“It’s not how much waste you’ve got in the bin, but how much you can reduce over time. If you’re producing a bin full because you have a number of people in the household, that is fine. It’s about taking steps to bring that amount down.”