Smoothing over lubrication challenges in Recycling Plant machinery

According to lubrication industry expert Steve Keown, it is paramount that lubricant and penetrant products used in recycling plants are able to perform in environments that have a high concentration of contaminants.

“Dirt, debris and water can come from the plant location itself or from the material that is being recycled, and they can hamper the effectiveness of the plant equipment and components. So, it is important that the lubrication can withstand these environments,” says Keown, CBC Australia’s Product Manager for Lubricants.

Keown recommends CRC Industries’ comprehensive lubricant and penetrant product range for recycling plant applications. The Tac-2, for instance, has a tough adhesive quality which will bond to chain/wear surfaces to keep conveyer chains in peak operating condition.

The Chute Lube, an NSF H2 registered silicone spray for package handling applications, forms a colourless, odourless, non-staining film that lubricates and protects in most metal to non-metal applications.

“CRC Chute Lube eliminates the binding and sticking of packages and boxes, while protecting most surfaces,” explains CRC Industries National Marketing Manager Simon Hatton. “This lubricant helps boxes glide down chutes and rails on package handling and sorting conveyors.”

Other lubricant products offered by CRC that are appropriate for recycling plants include the 808 Silicone and Dry Glide for sliding surfaces, the Contact Cleaner and Lectraclean to maintain conveyor motors and drive systems, and Long Life to maintain hinges and other moving machinery systems.

“CRC’s aerosol lubricants are an ideal product to use – whether it’s a ‘spray in place solution’ or whether it’s a bulk product for a plant shutdown for a routine maintenance program,” says Hatton.

“The benefits of CRC’s high performing lubricants include reduced product consumption through extended service internals, increased equipment life through reduced wear, and lower energy consumption from reduced friction.”

Moreover, CBC can offer recycling plants across Australia with a localised service through their network of branches. This includes extensive inventory analysis for recycling plant customers, to make sure the right products are used by engineering teams when carrying out component change-outs or other maintenance work.

“The lubricants and penetrants are there for the site maintenance teams at the recycling plants to use. Our main aim is to supply these products to those teams so they can have effective lubrication products on hand when they need them for the wide array of applications in the recycling plant,” says Keown.

CBC works closely with CRC Industries at both the national and local level, including taking joint call-outs to recycling plant sites for site surveys, inventory assessments, and application checks. This ensures that lubricants and penetrants are fit for purpose at particular sites.

“Based on our interaction with our customers, we also provide CRC with feedback on products that are very successful, and we provide suggestions on what could be added to the CRC range or what could be improved,” says Keown.

“CBC’s close collaboration with local CRC representatives, gives customers confidence that we can both supply them with the right products for their applications and, also, provided the infrastructure, resources, and staff to back up those product offerings.”

CBC has distribution centres in Melbourne, Sydney, and Perth, with the capability to send products all their local branches across Australia.

This means that if a recycling plant requires lubrication, not only can the well-stocked branch network supply products on demand, but the distribution centres are able to resupply products that are not locally available overnight if needed.

“We have a more extensive branch network nationally than anyone else, with a large amount of distribution centres. You don’t get that level of coverage with other suppliers – they don’t have the sales staff and the engineering teams to cover all regions like we can,” Keown states.

“When companies are looking at contracts to supply their plants – whether they be metropolitan or regional and remote – they can see that we have it covered.”

CBC has been working with industrial customers since the 1950s, with a long history of working with recycling plants. Some of CBC’s current staff have 30-plus years of experience in dealing with these types of processing plants.

“Those decades of experience filter over to other people in the company that work with them. Our team is very prepared for the challenges and the specific requirements of working with recycling plants,” said Keown.

“It is very reassuring for the customer to be able to pick up the phone and talk to a person that will visit their site, who is familiar with the type of equipment they have and the challenges that may occur at their recycling plant.”

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Neutralising biohazards: Weston Thermal Solutions

Weston Thermal Solutions and Pink Environmental Services are upping their capacity to assist medical waste producers to deal with a surge in infectious material in the wake of COVID-19.

Since first reported to the World Health Organization in December 2019, COVID-19 has spread rapidly to every continent in the world, barring Antarctica. The World Health Organization declared the situation a global health emergency on 30 January 2020, with movement restrictions soon enacted world-over.

In light of the global pandemic, hospitals and waste management operators are bracing themselves for a surge in waste-contaminated with infectious materials.

While there is no current data on how much medical waste is being produced as a result of COVID-19, the recommended use of disposal personal protective equipment alone is set to see hospital waste generation skyrocket.

To help operators manage the surge, Belinda Paton, Weston Thermal Solutions (WTS) General Manager, says WTS – the thermal processing arm of The Weston Group – is working to increase the quantity of waste they receive.

“As demand increases on our healthcare system during this time, generated waste volumes also increase. To address this, we’re working hard with medical waste producers to provide a streamlined collection and disposal service,” Belinda says.

“Removing this waste in a timely and safe manner minimises the risk to healthcare staff, patients and the community as a whole.”

Belinda Paton, Weston Thermal Solutions General Manager

The Weston Group, which traditionally processes industrial waste and manufactures steelmaking supplies, recently diversified its operations to include the thermal treatment of various hazardous wastes, under the name WTS.

Using state-of-the-art technology, in conjunction with the strictest emission criteria in Australia, WTS opened its innovative thermal destruction plant at Kurri Kurri in NSW’s Hunter Valley last month.

Working with Pink Environmental Services (Pink), which collects and consolidates medical and hazardous waste, WTS has the capacity to thermally process 800 kilograms of waste each hour – with a proposed annual throughput of 8000 tonnes.

As a critical part of the WTS supply chain, Pink, which was established in late 2019 as the collection arm of WTS, works to consolidate waste generated by hospitals and waste management operators for bulk shipment to the Kurri Kurri plant.

Due to the nature of hazardous waste management, David Bullard, Pink General Manager, says safety is at the forefront of Pink and WTS’ approach to every issue.

“The risk profile is such that, you have to approach and treat everything as though it could kill, maim or even severely injure, because when you do, you mitigate the risk at that level,” he says.

“This leads to a safer working environment, which is absolutely paramount in the approach we take at Pink. It’s Pink’s intention to operate at industry best practice and then push beyond, so Pink then sets the standard.”   

As waste is considered an essential service, David says it’s Pink’s role to support those on the front line, and provide whatever services are required to support their operations.

“Pink has offered its support to many companies that are conducting primary collections, providing the disposal services, and working with the relevant government authorities,” he adds.

“At Pink, we believe the best way to minimise risk in the current circumstances, for industry, the community and the environment, is to earmark all COVID-19 contaminated material and potential COVID-19 contaminated material for ultra-high thermal destruction, rather than sterilisation and landfill.”

Belinda shares similar sentiments, citing thermal destruction as arguably the most secure way to destroy pathogenic substances including the COVID-19 virus. Belinda adds that through the process, only ash which has been treated for prolonged periods at high temperatures is sent to landfill.

“This generally represents only 10 per cent of the initial waste load, thereby drastically reducing the burden on landfills and extending their operational lifespan,” she says.

David Bullard, Pink Environmental Services General Manager

By neutralising the potential for bio-hazardous waste streams to negatively impact community health and the environment, Belinda says thermal treatment facilitates a disposal option for waste streams that cannot be disposed of via other means.

“While always an important link in the waste management chain, thermal treatment is particularly critical in these challenging times,” she says.

WTS’ new plant features a primary combustion chamber rotary kiln, which Belinda says enhances thermal processing by providing greater contact between waste and combustion air.

“The rotary kiln primary chamber is an ashing, co-current operation, with material loaded into the primary combustion chamber for initial processing,” Belinda says.

Following combustion, the resultant ash material is discharged from the kiln and maintained on a stationary burnout hearth for up to eight hours, to ensure complete burnout of all carbonaceous matter.

To safely manage hazardous and medical waste, WTS employs strict inspection and quarantine protocols to all incoming waste. This, Belinda says, ensure the status, classification, storage requirements, optimal treatment mode and destruction verification of all incoming streams.

“Good chemical hygiene is crucial while working with hazardous and bio-hazardous waste, so our treatment process is designed to be almost entirely automated, with no physical contact between operators and hazardous waste,” Belinda explains.

This is achieved through the design and use of a tippler bin to deposit waste directly into the loading system of the thermal destruction process.

“The site also has a cool room facility to maintain putrescible waste below 4°C at all times until processing occurs. Bin disinfection processes are also applied to ensure the safety of bins/receptacles exchanged/returned as part of the service,” Belinda says.

According to David, regulatory authorities have approached WTS and Pink regarding their capacity to assist in the management of the COVID-19 pandemic.

“While approved to thermally destroy other inputs, we are currently focusing our attention and plant capacity on processing clinical and related wastes,” he says.

“We want to ensure that we are positioned with sufficient storage and processing to support the NSW effort in this crisis situation.”

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Melting for the Yarra: Applied Machinery

With a recent report revealing polystyrene to be the most common waste material in Victoria’s Yarra River, Daniel Fisher of Applied Machinery outlines an efficient equipment solution.

Polystyrene, which can take centuries to degrade, is the most prevalent litter item in Melbourne’s Yarra River, according to a new state government report.

The plastic was found at 80 per cent of sites in the Yarra River catchment monitored in a Cleanwater Group and Yarra Riverkeepers study.

“Since 2018, polystyrene has consistently been found to be the highest littered item found on the river,” the report reads.

“Being both a light-weight and brittle material means that the ecological impacts of polystyrene, which can unfold gradually over time, can be widespread and devastating for the river and Port Phillip Bay.”

According to Expanded Polystyrene Australia, an estimated 71,000 tonnes of polystyrene is used annually, growing at a rate of five per cent each year.

Add to ubiquity the material’s notoriously difficult to recycle composition, and Australia’s natural environment has a problem.

While the situation may seem dire to some, according to Daniel Fisher of Applied Machinery, recycling solutions do exist.

First showcased in Australia at the 2019 Waste Expo Australia, Daniel says Applied’s new range of Greenmax EPS recycling machines represent a technological step forward for polystyrene recycling.

When it comes to polystyrene, Greenmax is an internationally renowned specialist. Committed to providing complete polystyrene recycling solutions, Greenmax’s densifiers have been sold in more than 70 countries across the world.

Greenmax Mars C200 hot melt machines operate via a hot melting system, with material initially crushed before heat is introduced. Following this, the liquified material is squeezed out of the machine, and once cooled, shaped into plastic ingots for resale.

“After the shredding, heating and extruding process is complete, the end product has a volume reduction ratio of up to 90:1. This has obvious storage and transport benefits, with a once difficult-to-manoeuvre product transformed into high-value, densified blocks ready for reprocessing,” Daniel says.

Greenmax Mars’ melters are suitable for all kinds of polystyrene material, Daniel says, with a competitive price point for a quality and reliable machine.

He adds that the machines can process most forms of foam plastic waste, including EPE, EPS and EPP.

Daniel explains that given polystyrene’s lightweight and low-density nature, it can be extremely difficult to transport it economically for recycling.

“With Greenmax’s relatively modest footprint, however, the machine is suitable for installation at smaller-scale, local operations,” he says.

The Greenmax series features screw melting technology that enables continuous outputs, with high-density ingot weights of up to 25 tonnes per 40-foot-high cube container load.

The machine enables three temperature control stages to keep output colour as white as possible, with easy operation and no additional adjustment required when in use.

Applied Machinery is proud to be an Australian sales and service partner for Greenmax Recycling, Daniel adds, with the added value of Greenmax’s parent company Intco Recycling’s buy-back offer.

“Intco Recycling can buy the densified polystyrene for their local manufacturing, which Applied can facilitate for local customers, creating a further efficiency and economic benefit,” he says.

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Knives out: Tutt Bryant

Tutt Bryant’s Paul Doran highlights the company’s extensive range of crushers, screens and shredders suitable for a variety of applications.

Construction and demolition (C&D) waste represents around half of the world’s solid waste, according to a 2019 report. The same figure was reported in a 2011 Construction and demolition waste guide prepared for the Federal Government.

Given the scale of Victoria’s Big Build, the towering NSW infrastructure pipeline and even the once underdeveloped Hobart, the waste leviathan shows no signs of slowing down. Such volumes are conducive to commensurate equipment investment, with the ability handle soil, gravel, sand, concrete and other ever-evolving waste streams.

Tutt Bryant Equipment, one of the largest multi-brand national distributors of construction equipment in Australia, has continued to offer a range of comprehensive equipment to deal with not only C&D, but also commercial and industrial and municipal solid waste.

Through its branches in the major centres, the company offers a wide selection of equipment to a variety of industries. These span government, construction, general equipment hire, infrastructure, mining, recycling and demolition.

As the exclusive national distributor of Metso Mobile Crushing and Screening Equipment since 2012, the company recently extended its range to include the world-renowned M&J Shredders on behalf of Metso Waste.

Paul Doran, Business Development Manager at Tutt Bryant, says that Metso is the world’s preeminent manufacturer of mobile crushing equipment, with the Lokotrack name synonymous with quality and performance.

“From the very first mobile crusher developed over 30 years ago to the latest models, Lokotrack has been the brand of choice for the world’s best contractors and producers,” he says.

Metso recently acquired McCloskey International, which necessitated the development of the Nordtrack range. Paul says it complements Lokotrack’s offering by filling in some product gaps and lowering entrance barriers.

“This latest evolution has further extended Tutt Bryant’s already impressive product range of equipment for the waste industry. Coupled with our national footprint of service and parts support, it’s a winning combination for our customers,” Paul says.

Tutt Bryant is now able to provide jaw crushers ranging from the 24-tonne J90 to the 150-tonne LT150 behemoth, aiming to offer a suitable machine for any application.

“The staple impact crushers that many in the waste industry use can now be offered in the form of a Nordtrack I908S weighing as little as 28 tonnes and up to the LT1315 which weighs in at 70 tonnes, with respective productivity increases,” Paul says.

“The introduction of the cone and screen combination plants have provided some traction with waste and mining contractors alike. The LT220D and LT330D offer a transport and fuel-efficient alternative to conventional methods.”

In addition to the extensive range of crushers, the screen range has also grown dramatically with most of the new additions at the smaller end. The soil, sand and gravel processors have access to the two-deck and three-deck screens options that range from 14” x 5” right up to the 22” x 6”, generally for aggregate production.

“The scalpers can be provided for similar applications or when feed material is mixed and sticky, but our ST2.8 has one of the most aggressive strokes in the market so the material doesn’t put up much resistance.

“The S2.11 has a massive screen deck area of 22” x 6” for serious screening while handling large feed material through its apron feeder.”

The Metso shredder is ideal for C&D waste which can contain mixed materials ranging from wood, plastic, concrete and metals. The open-cutting table design of Metso Shredders is effective in this waste stream as it minimises wear while ensuring high throughput.

Some of the main features of the Metso technology includes shredding in both directions and Metso metrics for online monitoring of performance and health status.

“Our shredders have a double hydrostatic system, which means the shafts work independent of each other. The open cutting table technology and welded-on knives means that these shredders are not sensitive to stronger and tougher material. They also provide the highest possible availability factor, lowering production costs,” Paul says.

The 35 tonne M&J 4000M comes with six to 12 knives and its big brother, the 63-tonne M&J 6000M, comes with nine to 16 knives to suit all applications. Both of these are available in electric models.

To complement the wide range of crushers, screens and shredders, Tutt Bryant has introduced a number of stackers.

Optioned as tracked, wheeled and radial, in heavy duty and standard specification, the stackers provide operation flexibility in material transfer and increased stockpile heights to reduce loader movements. They range from 20, 24 and 30 metres in length and metre-wide belts.

“If your operation needs some material crushed, screened, shredded, sorted, stacked or conveyed, chances are the team at Tutt Bryant Equipment can help,” Paul says.

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Litter, we need to talk: Litter Enforcement Officer Network

An inconsistent approach to illegal dumping is driving a rethink from the Litter Enforcement Officer Network, which represents land managers and councils.

Cleaning up illegally dumped material in Melbourne costs around $18.8 million a year, according to a Metropolitan Waste and Resource Recovery Group survey.

When combined with the total cost of litter and street sweeping maintenance for local governments in Victoria, that figure rises to almost $100 million.

In addition to the hefty cost of cleaning up after rogue players, illegal dumping and litter is a burden on the community. The Litter Enforcement Officer Network (LEON) Annual Report 2019 shows 89 per cent of community members are concerned with illegal dumping and 80 per cent about litter.

Samuel Lawson, Research and Project Coordinator at Keep Victoria Beautiful (KVB) says Victorians are fed up with dumped rubbish and litter. To that end, he says residents are after tangible enforcement options.

“There’s a misalignment with what Victorians want and the way that some organisations treat enforcement. The amenity and safety that enforcement officers bring is valued highly by Victorians, but can be missed by some organisations,” Samuel says.

In 2014, two enforcement officers decided to raise the technical capacity of officers. With a goal of highlighting the value of dedicated local council officers, they formed LEON.

LEON has a vision to see land managers take unified action on litter and illegal dumping prevention and enforcement. It brings together authorised officers, land managers and anyone concerned with enforcement.

By contributing to the development of resources like the enforcement toolkits, LEON has gone from strength to strength. Last year, the board of KVB agreed to oversee its accountability.

KVB’s network as a statewide organisation allows it to leverage its links with a range of land managers, including the likes of Parks Victoria, Melbourne Water and the Department of Transport.

According to Samuel, as the issues of litter and illegal dumping evolve, land managers have been compelled to change their approach to these issues regularly. This, he says, has led to an inconsistent approach and outcomes.

In 2019, KVB conducted extensive member feedback from February to December 2019. LEON members got together at Waste Expo Australia, receiving scenario-based training and expert support from the EPA. In doing so, LEON grew to 240 members and now represents 80 organisations in Victoria.

“We spent last year listening to our members and what they said to us unanimously is that they need resources and training,” Sam says.

In addressing this, LEON is this year focused on reducing litter and illegal dumping by upskilling officers, promoting best practice and encouraging strong working relationships with land managers. Furthermore, it will also offer a number of training courses on enforcement and prosecution.

Samuel says that one of the benefits of the training courses will be a standardised approach.

“If all councils and land managers respond to illegal dumping in the same way, it reduces costs to the land manager and anyone living around incidents, and ideally reduces illegal dumping through awareness as well.”

He says the impact will hopefully be magnified when combined with EPA enforcement toolkits, adding that LEON has been working with EPA since its inception.

LEON members are currently participating in the new 2020 Waste and Litter Toolkit which will support the rollout of the Environment Protection Amendment
Act 2018.

It has held workshops with the EPA and members to inform the development of the toolkit.

This year LEON is also producing training courses and resources that support the 2020 Waste and Litter Toolkit. This includes a prosecution training course which will benefit authorised officers exposed to the prosecution process, as well as prosecutors seeking to increase their abilities prosecuting waste.

Samuel says that LEON is also working on an enforcement training course. He says this will benefit enforcement officers and anyone involved in enforcement who should have a clear understanding of the powers of an authorised officer.

Throughout the year, LEON will continue to hold free member forums around Victoria. Members will come together to network, hear from experts and receive basic scenario-based training.

While Samuel says ultimately it’s unlikely we’ll ever eliminate litter, with better practice and training, along with more resources, the issue won’t be as painful on the bottom line.

“Every local government should join the network to access the benefits offered and participate in a statewide enforcement conversation.

“We hope that you become a member of LEON and together help us Keep Victoria Beautiful,” he says.

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Giving waste management inefficiencies a good belting

The foundation of efficient waste management comes down to the wrapped belts that keep the machinery rolling.

Compared with other developed economies, Australia generates more waste than average and recycles less. Since the Australian Commonwealth appointed a Minister for Waste last year, the nation’s effort in recovering waste has been improved.

The national packaging targets aim to ensure 70 per cent of all plastic packaging is recycled by 2025 and resource recovery facility operators are being encouraged to assist with significant environmental outcomes as the sector continues to see growth in economic opportunity and increased material availability.

Recycling plant operators have five years until the 2025 National Packaging Targets deadline approaches to capitalise on expected throughput growth. As recycling demands increase, streamlining equipment processes through installation of durable belt drives will be a key investment for recycling plant operators to reach the ultimate high-level of efficiency.

This can be achieved for recycling plant operators by installing Carlisle belts. In order to maintain operations and minimise downtime, wrapped v-belts become a critical component in the facility’s procedure.

BSC prides itself on being innovative in waste management. Providing a diverse range of belt drives to facilitate recycling applications has proven to be a performance enhancing tool for companies across the country.

Companies rely on the efficient operation of their equipment that is driven by market leading belts with an electric motor, as it ensures the smooth operation of sorters, conveyors and crushers involved in the collaborative recycling process.

To provide a complete power transmission package, BSC works closely with the American manufacturer of Carlisle belts by Timken. For over 100 years, Carlisle belts have been manufactured in the US. The Timken Company acquired Carlisle belts in 2015.

Backed by a long history in serving recycling plant operators and assisting ultimate waste management, new belt lines and products to the market, has prepared customers for the changes happening across the industry as the nation strives towards a new level of stream-lined recycling ahead of the 2025 packaging targets.

Carlisle belts by Timken are supplied exclusively to BSC as part of Inenco Industrial Solutions. Steve Hittmann, National Product Manager at BSC says every belt is backed by extraordinary engineering and technical support from BSC’s product specialists and engineered services team.

“And combining that with the Carlisle factory back-up, our personal, knowledgeable, and attentive customer service team are second to none,” he enthuses.

As operations ramp up across national recycling plant facilities, Steve says it’s more important than ever to have on-time delivery and fast turnaround. Combining BSC’s distribution and Carlisle’s flexible manufacturing model, customers in the waste management sector are experiencing short lead times and reliable delivery that are exceeding their expectations and outlasting competitors’ belts.

Steve says the Carlisle Blue Label V-belts are the finest wrapped belt in the industry.

“They’re a classical V-belt work-horse,” he says. “They also assure dependable length stability and require less re-tensioning and take-up.”

Steve adds that due to the daily operational demands at recycling plants, having wrapped belts that resist flex fatigue and have a proven longer belt life will ensure smoother waste management.

“The Carlisle Blue Label V-belts have proven to be an efficient tool as the cord is coated with a special compound that produces a secure, long-lasting bond with surrounding rubber,” he explains. “Longer belt life results in less frequent replacement, less downtime and lower maintenance costs,” Steve says.

In recycling plants, there are a lot of extremely heavy, awkwardly shaped products moving around at a high velocity. The heavy-duty fabric cover protects the core but also its extra flexibility permits the belt to bend more easily around the smallest pulleys with less strain on the fabric, which achieves the perfect amount of slip and grip needed to put the rollers in motion.

Enabling a better flow of product through the plant relies on belt drive construction and design, as that can influence overall lifespan, power transmission and efficiency. Carlisle belts are specifically designed for the harsh environments of resource recovery.

BSC and Carlisle belts by Timken have extensive experience working with numerous companies in the waste management industry across Australia and their experience enables them to understand and grow businesses through energy conservation, high sustained speeds and continuous production as the entire sector undergoes a market changing recycling revolution.

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A novel hydraulic hybrid: CJD Equipment

With carbon emissions squarely on the nation’s agenda, Lindsay Daniels of CJD Equipment breaks down the hydraulic fuel reduction capabilities of Volvo’s new E-Series excavator range.

In August 2016, CJD Equipment embarked on a large-scale sustainability project: installing solar panels at its five most energy-hungry branches. The initiative was a long-term investment designed to reduce emissions. By the end of 2017, installation on all five branches was complete.

CJD also operates recycling programs at all business units, including spill control kits across multiple locations throughout stores and workshops.

According to Lindsay Daniels, CJD Equipment National Product Engineering & Training Manager, the project falls under CJD’s wider commitment to undertake environmental risk assessment on all business activities.

In addition to “greening” their operations, Lindsay, who has worked with CJD for over 40 years, says the company strives to invest in the most sustainable and energy-efficient equipment on the market.

He highlights the Volvo EC300E Hybrid Excavator, which CJD introduced into Australia in early 2020, as an example of this commitment.

“Unlike other systems that capture the swing energy of an excavator’s upper works to electrically assist the engine, Volvo’s novel hydraulic hybrid collects ‘free’ energy generated by the down motion of the excavator’s boom and uses it to supercharge the engine system,” Lindsay says.

“This simple hybrid hydraulic shift allows operators to improve fuel efficiency by up to 20 per cent, with the boom down motion used to charge energy storing accumulators that power the engine systems.”

For waste operators, who often work in harsh, stop-start environments, Lindsay says the EC300E’s approach to fuel efficiency and sustainable energy consumption is particularly noteworthy. This is due to the fact stop-start operations often lend themselves to greater fuel consumption.

“Volvo’s unique ECO mode optimises the hydraulic system to reduce flow and pressure losses, resulting in improved fuel efficiency without any loss of performance in most operating conditions,” Lindsay says.   

The excavator also features an eco-gauge, he says, which is an added gauge bar that indicates momentary fuel consumption, tracking it under different applications. The benefit here, Lindsay explains, is knowledge of how certain tasks correlate with fuel consumption, giving operators the ability to adjust processes in service of energy efficiency.

“The excavator also has an automatic engine shutdown feature, which turns the engine off when the unit has been motionless for an allotted amount of time. This facilitates significant environmental and economic benefits for our clients,” Lindsay says.

In addition to “eco” benefits, Lindsay says the unit integrates all the standard high-quality trappings of a Volvo excavator. He adds, however, that unlike standard excavators, the EC300E stands out through its human interface design.

“The E-Series range is powerful and efficient, like all Volvo excavators, but its human-machine interface design, which streamlines all in-cab features ergonomically to produce increased operator productivity, really sets it apart,” Lindsay explains.

“The body-centric design is integrated into everything from joysticks and LCD screens to keypads and hot keys.”

Through the cab, Lindsay says operators can control pressure and flow within the auxiliary function, with 20 separate pre-set functions. Furthermore, the design gives operators a clear view of the machine through rear and side-view cameras.

Lindsay adds that as an optional extra, clients can request a Volvo smart view system, which gives operators a 360-degree view of the machine.

Positive control hydraulics and pump input torque, Lindsay says, also work to produce productivity through a high-pump flow. He adds that when combined with an electrohydraulic control system, high-pump flow creates faster response and cycle times.

“The unit also features the combination of a durable D8 Volvo stage five engine and intelligent hydraulic system, which boosts power while reducing both fuel consumption and emissions, resulting in quicker cycle times and greater productivity,” Lindsay says.

“The beauty of Volvo engines is they produce a high amount of torque at very low revolutions per minute, so you don’t have to rev the engine, therefore saving fuel and keeping noise pollution down.”

While sustainability is one of CJD’s core commitments, Lindsay says that at the end of the day, all operations need to be customer focused.

With after-sales support running 24 hours, seven days a week, he adds that CJD is able to support its customers through a vast network of branches, dealers and resident field service technicians across Australia, including major regional towns.

He says the team is always ready and willing to discuss potential energy and fuel reduction solutions with clients.

“Our support team is always on call to help with equipment upgrades or breakdowns,” Lindsay says.

“Plus, we’re committed to working with customers to ensure all attachments are fitted within the supplier’s recommendation.

“We also aim to prevent environmental damage, minimise pollution, energy and resource usage and ensure the principles of sustainable development are operated throughout all of CJD Equipment’s operations, as well as our technology and vehicle offerings.”

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Grasshopper growth: West-Trans

Ryan Noble, Grasshopper Environmental Asset & Driver Manager, outlines the importance of durable and high strength hooklift capacity in the growing C&D waste sphere.

The North Strathfield Rail Underpass Project, a joint Federal and NSW Government initiative, was designed to deliver faster, more reliable services on a main rail line that runs from North Strathfield to Newcastle.                                         

With a construction value of more than $130 million, the 2015 project understandably generated significant amounts of waste.

To address these levels of waste, the North Strathfield Rail Underpass Alliance worked to strict environmental standards to maintain a more than 80 per cent recovery rate.Being a government project, the alliance was required to provide quality reports to confirm targets were met.

To facilitate this, the alliance engaged NSW waste management company Grasshopper Environmental to manage waste disposal, transport and recovery.

According to Ryan Noble, Grasshopper Asset & Driver Manager, waste collection points were spread across eight separate sites over three kilometres due to the scale of the project.

“Because the project was situated in a residential area, Grasshopper had to work closely with the alliance traffic management team so deliveries and removals could occur within a precise window,” he says.

“It was a huge project for us, highlighting our capabilities and growth as a force within the NSW environmental space.”

Operating in Sydney for more than 30 years, Grasshopper’s work in the construction and demolition waste sphere is expanding.

As a result, the company upgraded its truck fleet in 2019.

“We modernised our trucks to incorporate new technology, aiding in safety and user-friendly operations. We currently run, plus subcontract, a fleet of upgraded vehicles consisting of skiploaders, hook, front and rear loaders,” he adds.

As part of the new fleet, Grasshopper runs multiple West-Trans Equipment hooklifts, carrying various hookbins from 15 to 38 metres.

This includes a recently acquired HL-20A hooklift, which Ryan says Grasshopper purchased earlier this year.

From a financial perspective, Ryan says purchasing decisions are based on whole-of-lifecyle investment and maximising earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortisation.

“One of the key factors in the decision to move our units to West-Trans is the quality of the hook itself. West-Trans offers well-built and solid units at a reasonable price, comparative to the quality you receive,” Ryan says.

“Another key factor is the ability to have spare parts available as soon as possible when necessary. Being Australian built, West-Trans is able to sort the problem out quickly and effectively should anything go wrong.”

West-Trans-designed and manufactured hooklifts are constructed with high tensile structural steel with quality components, using the latest manufacturing technologies and production techniques.

All West-Trans hooklifts comply with relevant Australian standards and codes, which Ryan says is a real value-add when working on high-profile government projects.

West-Trans hooklifts are also protected with an anti-corrosive primer base and two coats of gloss finish colour.

Like all West-Trans hooklifts, Grasshopper’s HL-20A was custom built by craftspeople at West-Trans’ Mulgrave factory.

As a family-owned business, West-Trans has been producing civil and transport equipment locally for more than 25 years.

Over this time, Ryan says the company has developed a deep understanding of the unique challenges presented by Australian conditions for the waste and resource recovery industry.

“West-Trans design and manufacture hooklifts from the ground up to deal with real industry challenges, which gives its customers unmatched confidence in its products’ durability,” Ryan says.

The HL 20A is an industry benchmark for high capacity, Ryan explains, with a 20-tonne lifting capacity and fixed and articulated models available.

Using innovate geometry and configurations, West-Trans hooklifts keep the lifting hook close to the rear drive when lifting to improve lift performance and truck stability.

According to Ryan, the HL 20A West-Trans hooklift, which Grasshopper coupled with a Scania P450, has been shown to be a safe and efficient piece of machinery.

“West-Trans offer a fantastic tarp tower as well, which has proved to be user-friendly and a great addition to our hookloader,” Ryan says.

He adds that Grasshopper’s relationship with West-Trans has continued to grow significantly, with West-Trans equipment now installed throughout multiple segments of the business.

“West-Trans offers a one-on-one experience for design changes and extras, ensuring we always have flexibility when it comes to our machines,” Ryan says.

“We recently added a new skip bin fleet to our operations, and given our past experience, we opted for West-Trans lifting units. They’re yet to let us down.”

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Setting the benchmark: Halve Waste

One of Australia’s largest regional education campaigns, Halve Waste, has taken significant strides in resource recovery.

Facing the imminent closure of its regional landfill, which is of the largest in NSW, Albury initiated the Halve Waste campaign in 2010.

Despite the NSW-Victorian border parallels, Halve Waste was considered a regional goal as all council’s share Albury City Council’s Waste Management Centre as its main disposal facility.

As well as Albury City, the surrounding councils of Wodonga, Corowa Shire, Indigo Shire, Greater Hume and Towong Shire support the campaign. The campaign is all in the name – a target of halving the region’s waste to landfill by 2020.

Halve Waste aims to prolong the life of the region’s landfill to provide critical time and funding for infrastructure replacement and remediation. It saw a comprehensive education and waste reduction program across the region.

Funding for the education campaign was provided via a small surcharge at the Albury landfill, a funding model which can also be used by other council-owning landfills.

Andrea Baldwin, Team Leader – Waste Management at Albury City Council, says with the campaign running for 10 years, the Halve Waste group has taken significant strides towards improved resource recovery.

Improvements at the Albury landfill include a landfill gas system, three weighbridges to track vehicles through the site and a community recycling centre.

In addition, the site also comprises vastly improved resource recovery facilities, including a commercial and industrial and construction and demolition materials recovery facility, solar farm and a significant increase in its gate fee.

The campaign consists of regular advertising and promotion of waste reduction and avoidance messages. All available media is used with messaging promoted via social media, the Halve Waste and individual council websites, and traditional print media.

The school, business and community programs also offer face-to face education sessions. This covers everything from how to recycle, what goes in each bin, how to use the FOGO system, landfill tours, support for waste-free events and waste audits for businesses.

Halve Waste has directly educated over 15,000 school children, community groups and businesses. It has reached over 50,000 people across the wider district through social media and paid advertising.

Albury and Wodonga FOGO collection service has to date generated over 101,000 tonnes of food and garden organics, all of which is being recycled into much needed compost for farms. In 2020, the region will offer a commercial food waste collection service.

“This massive communication program has been supported by a significant investment in infrastructure at the Albury landfill,” Andrea says.

“This includes a community recycling facility, AWARE up-cycle shop, garden organics, whitegoods and timber drop-off points and the push-pit, all designed to capture recyclables before they get to the landfill.”

The Halve Waste campaign continues to be a model for implementing recovery infrastructure improvements and education in regional Australia.

Waste received at the landfill has decreased by 20 per cent and waste buried in landfill by 49 per cent. MRA Consulting provided support to the campaign across a range of areas.

Halve Waste and Albury City Council have won numerous awards for their contribution to the community, including local government environmental excellence awards.

Andrea says that while designed for the Albury region, Halve Waste is a whole-of-community and coordinated council investment.

“The resources, materials, programs and infrastructure development can be tailored to suit any local conditions and opportunities. AlburyCity and the Halve Waste team are interested in tailoring a package for local councils and groups of councils across the country.”

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Gamification tackles transient workforce: Veolia

Across the globe, transient work, including casualised employment and contractor jobs, are becoming a predominant theme. Waste Management Review explores how a waste education app could result in sustainable behavioural change.

According to the Deloitte Insights 2018 Global Human Capital Trends report, globally there were around 77 million freelancers in the US, India and Europe.

In the US, more than 40 per cent of workers were employed in “alternative work arrangements”, including contingent, part-time or gig work. Additionally in 2018, the Australia Institute’s Centre for Future Work reported that for the first time, over half of the nation’s working population were in non-permanent roles.

This global trend has implications across waste segregation and contamination. More than ever, education needs to be ongoing to ensure employees know when, where and how to properly dispose of waste.

In Australia, EPA NSW highlighted in its 2012 Better Practice Guidelines for Waste Management and Recycling in Commercial and Industrial Facilities that education must be regular and continual to overcome the transient nature of cleaning contractors in the commercial rental market.

It also considered other factors to be essential in overcoming this issue, including correct labelling of recycling bins, clear signage and the signposting of the location and direction of waste storage areas.

While many of these methods are often key to improving consumer education, they don’t always work in practice. Veolia Australia and New Zealand formulated an updated understanding of this in early 2018, when it began looking at ways to help its commercial customers tackle their unique contamination challenges.

Veolia responded by developing a unique app to tackle the challenges associated with waste education in workplaces with a transient workforce.

Kate Suters, Sustainability Strategist at Veolia Australia and New Zealand, says that the company first wanted to better understand the challenges its customers faced.

“We spent a lot of time talking with our clients, listening to their needs, industry challenges and what they really wanted and needed,” Kate says.

“To address these challenges, we developed a strategy that was engaging, impacted behaviour change and had frequent, short and snappy delivery.”

Veolia’s diverse range of customers are located across a range of industry segments, including retail, hospitality and commercial property. Many of these customers identified a lack of participation, confusing content and training not resulting in behavioural change as key barriers to progress. A lack of resources to develop and deliver training were also seen as barriers to waste education.

Kate says the company assessed available technologies and learning platforms that would deliver the best response to their customers’ requirements.

She says that while there were a lot of waste educational tools out in the market, not all of them were engaging, fun or focused on creating behaviour change.

In response to this, Veolia developed Way to Grow, a gamified waste education app catering for a wide level of user knowledge in waste and recycling.

“There is an assumption that people know the basics of what is and isn’t recyclable, but we’ve found this to be untrue, so it was imperative that the app was developed to provide a personalised learning experience,” explains Chelsea Rorimpandey, Marketplace Sustainability Manager at Veolia Australia and New Zealand.

For employers, Way to Grow provides personalised employee engagement, an innovative way to embed sustainability into company culture and the opportunity to connect to a network of environmentally conscious teams.

For employees, it’s an entertaining way to learn about responsible waste management, earn rewards for taking positive actions and be part of something bigger.

One of the most unique elements of the app is its use of gamification principles.

It taps into user motivation and experiences and combines this with microlearning processes to positively reinforce knowledge and actions.

“It can dynamically monitor user behaviour, then recommend activities based on previous responses and deliver information to enhance learning,” Chelsea says.

“Challenges, games, videos and activities were all designed to be fun, positive and provide bursts of information.”

Kate says the end result is behavioural change in a business setting – lowering contamination and cost per tonne and increasing diversion from landfill.

“Compared to more traditional methods, such as face-to-face education – which has its place – Way to Grow proves that gamified education can deliver behavioural change. The app goes beyond informing people of what they should be doing by incentivising them to actually do it,” she says.

She says that it is equally crucial to highlight the importance of the user experience, which is not typically addressed in other forms of education.

“Way to Grow delivers personalised, concise and consistent education right to the fingertips of the user. They can play and learn at a time, place and speed that’s convenient for them, making it more accessible than any other type of education,” Kate says.

“Critically, this also takes much of the financial and resource constraints off businesses to deliver their own education, be it on a scheduled or ongoing basis.”

Way to Grow has added other components such as avatars and team challenges to encourage peer interaction and digital and material prizes.

“We also added the functionality of reporting for our clients so they could use it as an induction program,” she says.

The app has already delivered excellent results for Veolia customers, including a trial at the retail centres of integrated property group Charter Hall and another office environment.

Kate says that Charter Hall is focused on achieving its sustainability targets and driving site engagement.

“Working with a sustainability partner like Charter Hall who is equally focused on implementing the best education model for its tenancies made the process a lot more rewarding and ultimately helped deliver a better product to end users,” Kate says.

Anudeep Beniwal, National Procurement & Contracts Manager at Charter Hall, explains that education in the retail sector is challenging.

“Time, availability of resources, cost and continuity of messaging have been the main challenges, all of which are compounded by the casualised workforce of the industry,” Anudeep says.

“It’s quite normal to have staff members that only work a few days a week, or conversely a shop with only one staff member who doesn’t necessarily have a lot of time to learn about waste.”

He adds that connecting with tenants and educating them requires extensive resourcing and affects the bottom line – a process the app alleviates.

“For our centres, it helped provide continuity of education. The app is accessible at any time, so tenants can continue to learn and play as much as they like,” he says.

Critically, he says the app enabled Charter Hall to help its tenants understand the role they play in generating less and recycling more in a fun and engaging format.

“Tenants were really responsive – they enjoyed the activities and challenges. We received great feedback particularly around the content and instructiveness. Importantly, we saw that the more people engaged, the better the results,” he says.

“We saw significant results across recycling tonnage increasing, diversion increasing and costs decreasing. This ultimately helps our centres from an operational, cost and environmental standpoint.”

He says that during the initial pilot, diversion at the site increased by almost 10 per cent in the following months of using the app. The app provides detailed reporting, allowing Charter Hall to understand behaviour and engagement with the information.

In a recent launch of Way to Grow in a commercial office building, 84.2 per cent of users said that playing the app made a difference to their waste and recycling behaviours.

This difference was also observed in knowledge of correct waste practices, which rose from 25.5 to 96.5 per cent following the campaign.  Some of the following feedback was reported by end users:

“After playing Way to Grow I noticed you are unable to recycle some items which my colleagues were putting in the commingle bin. Now I help educate my colleagues and have made them aware the items are non-recyclable,” one said.

“I make more of an effort to throw things like soft plastics, organics and other separable wastes into the relevant bins,” said another.

“I had no idea that it took so long for things to break down, I am paying a lot more attention to my purchases now,” a third person remarked.

Way to Grow is available to a broad range of sectors and is currently being rolled out to a number of Veolia’s key clients across Australia. Kate says that the costs associated with implementing the app are marginal compared to the results achieved and the cost of delivering any other type of education.

“For organisations focused on achieving their sustainability targets, reducing their costs and engaging and empowering their staff, this type of educational delivery can become an effective part of a broader sustainability strategy,” she says.

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