Upward mobile expansion: Turmec

After expanding into the Australian market in late 2019, Turmec’s CEO Brian Thornton outlines the company’s mobile approach to eddy current separation.

A world without landfill, Turmec’s mission statement, defines the company’s operations, with the plants it has designed and built diverting over 45 million tonnes of waste from landfill to date.

After a series of successful contracts in Australia, Brian Thornton, Turmec CEO, says the company thought the time was right to expand, launching its Australian operations in August 2019.

“We have years of experience, along with record tonnage processing and percentage of commodity recovery,” he says.

“And with new legislation in place, and waste companies starting to invest in new technologies to maximise their recovery rates, we felt it was the right time to make the leap and set up a new arm of the company down under.”

Brian notes that Turmec is well positioned to work with Australia’s growing construction and demolition (C&D) and commercial and industrial (C&I) recycling sectors.

“At Turmec, we design customised C&D and C&I recycling plants with a 98 per cent recovery rate, which means minimised landfill costs and maximised commodity revenue,” he says.

Brian adds that Turmec opened their Australian office to commit to the market and not just fly-in-fly-out.

“We are well established with many plants in Oz already and are here to stay,” he says.

For the Australian C&D and C&I markets, Brian highlights Turmec’s latest innovation, the Mobile Eddy Current Separator, as an efficient, mobile and low maintenance solution.

“We’ve taken mobile waste processing to a new level, with our Mobile Eddy Current Separator able to achieve high capacities within a compact design,” Brian continues.

“The machine is just three metres wide and high, yet can process 300 cubic metres of material an hour.”

Developed with Turmec’s long-standing partner IFE, the new machine has already had 4000 hours of reliable operation in the field, processing both C&D and C&I waste. And according to Brian, the team is now in the process of developing a Mark II machine.

The design is focused on providing operators with a combination of flexibility and robust performance from a mobile plant, with the option of jacking legs to give an extra two metres stockpiling height, while still maintaining the machine’s compact footprint.

Designed to bolt onto the back of mobile shredders for the wood industry or for post-processing glass, incinerator bottom ash or solid recovered fuel, the plant separates ferrous and non-ferrous materials.

“The mobile package comprises a vibrating feeder with an unbalanced motor drive, magnetic rotor, and conveyors for collection of ferrous and non-ferrous materials, with another for discharging residual waste,” Brian says.

Built to ensure the highest standards of durability, the mobile separator plant is ideally suited to waste processors serving multiple sites, demolition specialists, and operators of any scale in need of additional capacity from a standalone, robust and reliable plant.

“Turmec’s Mobile Eddy Current Separator is the product of many years’ experience designing, manufacturing and installing waste processing plants,” Brian explains.

“Our innovative design ensures the plant delivers high-quality output and a trouble-free, low maintenance service life.”

In addition to the Mobile Eddy Current Separator, Turmec offers plant upgrades and full service turnkey facility solutions, working around any existing operation to minimise disruption.

“Waste is an ever-changing industry, which means Turmec must innovate to offer its clients the best solutions, keeping them ahead of legislation and marketplace driven needs; every Turmec plant is custom designed to address specific needs and waste streams, and is planned with future growth in mind,” he says.

“We can adapt to any budget, floor plan or stage of the project, whether that means a completely new plant design or an insert into an existing plant.”

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Knives out: Tutt Bryant

Tutt Bryant’s Paul Doran highlights the company’s extensive range of crushers, screens and shredders suitable for a variety of applications.

Construction and demolition (C&D) waste represents around half of the world’s solid waste, according to a 2019 report. The same figure was reported in a 2011 Construction and demolition waste guide prepared for the Federal Government.

Given the scale of Victoria’s Big Build, the towering NSW infrastructure pipeline and even the once underdeveloped Hobart, the waste leviathan shows no signs of slowing down. Such volumes are conducive to commensurate equipment investment, with the ability handle soil, gravel, sand, concrete and other ever-evolving waste streams.

Tutt Bryant Equipment, one of the largest multi-brand national distributors of construction equipment in Australia, has continued to offer a range of comprehensive equipment to deal with not only C&D, but also commercial and industrial and municipal solid waste.

Through its branches in the major centres, the company offers a wide selection of equipment to a variety of industries. These span government, construction, general equipment hire, infrastructure, mining, recycling and demolition.

As the exclusive national distributor of Metso Mobile Crushing and Screening Equipment since 2012, the company recently extended its range to include the world-renowned M&J Shredders on behalf of Metso Waste.

Paul Doran, Business Development Manager at Tutt Bryant, says that Metso is the world’s preeminent manufacturer of mobile crushing equipment, with the Lokotrack name synonymous with quality and performance.

“From the very first mobile crusher developed over 30 years ago to the latest models, Lokotrack has been the brand of choice for the world’s best contractors and producers,” he says.

Metso recently acquired McCloskey International, which necessitated the development of the Nordtrack range. Paul says it complements Lokotrack’s offering by filling in some product gaps and lowering entrance barriers.

“This latest evolution has further extended Tutt Bryant’s already impressive product range of equipment for the waste industry. Coupled with our national footprint of service and parts support, it’s a winning combination for our customers,” Paul says.

Tutt Bryant is now able to provide jaw crushers ranging from the 24-tonne J90 to the 150-tonne LT150 behemoth, aiming to offer a suitable machine for any application.

“The staple impact crushers that many in the waste industry use can now be offered in the form of a Nordtrack I908S weighing as little as 28 tonnes and up to the LT1315 which weighs in at 70 tonnes, with respective productivity increases,” Paul says.

“The introduction of the cone and screen combination plants have provided some traction with waste and mining contractors alike. The LT220D and LT330D offer a transport and fuel-efficient alternative to conventional methods.”

In addition to the extensive range of crushers, the screen range has also grown dramatically with most of the new additions at the smaller end. The soil, sand and gravel processors have access to the two-deck and three-deck screens options that range from 14” x 5” right up to the 22” x 6”, generally for aggregate production.

“The scalpers can be provided for similar applications or when feed material is mixed and sticky, but our ST2.8 has one of the most aggressive strokes in the market so the material doesn’t put up much resistance.

“The S2.11 has a massive screen deck area of 22” x 6” for serious screening while handling large feed material through its apron feeder.”

The Metso shredder is ideal for C&D waste which can contain mixed materials ranging from wood, plastic, concrete and metals. The open-cutting table design of Metso Shredders is effective in this waste stream as it minimises wear while ensuring high throughput.

Some of the main features of the Metso technology includes shredding in both directions and Metso metrics for online monitoring of performance and health status.

“Our shredders have a double hydrostatic system, which means the shafts work independent of each other. The open cutting table technology and welded-on knives means that these shredders are not sensitive to stronger and tougher material. They also provide the highest possible availability factor, lowering production costs,” Paul says.

The 35 tonne M&J 4000M comes with six to 12 knives and its big brother, the 63-tonne M&J 6000M, comes with nine to 16 knives to suit all applications. Both of these are available in electric models.

To complement the wide range of crushers, screens and shredders, Tutt Bryant has introduced a number of stackers.

Optioned as tracked, wheeled and radial, in heavy duty and standard specification, the stackers provide operation flexibility in material transfer and increased stockpile heights to reduce loader movements. They range from 20, 24 and 30 metres in length and metre-wide belts.

“If your operation needs some material crushed, screened, shredded, sorted, stacked or conveyed, chances are the team at Tutt Bryant Equipment can help,” Paul says.

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SA EPA begins illegal dump site clean-up

Clean-up is set to begin at two sites in Sedan, South Australia, where thousands of tonnes of construction and demolition waste containing asbestos was found dumped in 2017.

The sites, on Battens and Pipelines roads, were discovered after an EPA investigation involving the SA Police, the National Heavy Vehicle Regulator and local government.

EPA Director Regulation Peter Dolan said the EPA had stepped in to remove the waste after the Port Adelaide-based demolition contractor alleged to have dumped the material failed comply with a clean-up order.

“We have engaged appropriately licensed contractors to carry out the work in order to protect the community and the environment,” he said.

“I can assure residents that the clean-up and transport operation is perfectly safe. Asbestos has to be inhaled to be hazardous to human health.”

According to Mr Dolan, the waste has been sprayed with glue to prevent the escape of exposed asbestos fibres.

“It will be wrapped and transferred in covered trucks to a specially lined cell at the Cambrai Waste Depot, which is licensed to receive asbestos,” he said.

“Air quality monitoring is also being carried out at both sites while work is under way.”

Transporting the waste from Sedan to Cambrai is expected to take one month, with trucks working between 8am and 5pm, Monday to Friday.

“The EPA is in the process of preparing a brief for the Crown Solicitor, seeking criminal prosecution relating to the dumping of the waste and cost recovery for the clean-up,” Mr Dolan said.

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Recyclers confident about performance in face of crisis

Although it is early days for COVID-19, some organisations have already identified the potential for new business and innovation over the next six months. The finding comes against a broader backdrop of concern about public policy settings for recycling, a breaking report commissioned by Australian Council of Recycling (ACOR) has shown.

ACOR, which represents the $15 billion strong resource recovery industry, commissioned Prime Creative Media to undertake a measure of industry confidence of Australia’s recycling sector.

From January to March 2020, Prime Creative Media surveyed more than 500 respondents working in municipal waste (MSW), commercial and industrial (C&I) and construction and demolition (C&D) waste. This included an updated survey conducted in the past two weeks.

The research reports found that, while almost half of all organisations across MSW, C&I and C&D streams are positive about their organisation’s own performance and prospects, more than a third of industry respondents across all streams are not positive about public policy and government settings for resource recovery.

Respondents ranked issues most important to them and the top three issues across organisations working in MSW, C&D and C&I.

Keys issues highlighted by respondents were a need for greater reinvestment of State-based waste disposal levy funding into activities in resource recovery; grants/loans for resource recovery especially infrastructure and technology; and pro-active purchasing of recycled content products by the public sector.

In ACOR’s second follow-up – COVID-19 Industry Pulse Check – 41 per cent of just under 100 participants indicated they were somewhat impacted by COVID-19, 35 per cent very impacted and 16 per cent unsure of the impact.

Several respondents indicated they would like clarifications on what the meaning of waste as an essential service is. Respondents called for waste levy relief by pausing waste levy increases over the next six months to 12 months.

Businesses are also somewhat confident about identifying new business opportunities over the next three to six months, with 35 per cent indicating some level of positivity.

ACOR CEO Pete Shmigel said that with the Council of Australian Government’s ban on the export of unprocessed materials, re-investment into the sector is critical now more than ever.

“It’s hoped that governments take the findings of these reports under consideration as part of the ongoing response to COVID-19 and more broadly.

The overall picture is one of an industry that believes in its own capability, and was planning significant capital investments, but that is not as confident about the policies, regulations and government frameworks under which it operates. The latter are key to industry development,” Shmigel said.

“If we want to optimise recycling’s environmental and economic benefits, including during COVID19 when we really need those hi-viz jobs, we need to better line up industry interests and their social outcomes and public policy.

Implementation of the National Waste Policy with all stakeholders around one table is an opportunity in that way. It’s time for an era of better partnership, including around infrastructure, procurement, planning, and economic signals like waste disposal levies,” he added.

You can read the full results of the survey here.

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The value of waste: CDE

Waste Management Review explores how CDE wet processing technology is supporting Melbourne-based recycling company Repurpose It to reduce a reliance on landfills.

Operating from its 150-acre rehabilitated quarry site in Epping, Repurpose It has an ambitious vision to achieve a 100 per cent recycling rate across its complete waste portfolio.

Likewise, it aims to ensure zero unnecessary waste is destined for landfill. This vision is perfectly aligned with CDE, an industry-leading manufacturer of wet processing technologies, whose ethos is unlock a “New World of Resource”.

To achieve its aspirational environmental aims, George Hatzimanolis, CEO of Repurpose It, turned to CDE to design and engineer a state-of-the-art solution to transform construction, demolition and excavation (CD&E) waste, along with contaminated railway ballast, into in-spec sand and aggregate products that meet the requirements of the local building industry.

George says Repurpose It is committed to recycling products at the end of their lifecycle to transform them into materials that will be used at the beginning of a new lifecycle. These include waste previously considered difficult to process, he adds.

“To achieve 100 per cent recycling of construction and demolition waste, we required a wet processing solution that could efficiently separate and wash every available fraction of material in the feed,” George says.

CDE’s solution, a first-of-its-kind in Australia, incorporates a selection of modular elements that work in synergy to produce best-in-class results, including an AggMax logwasher, the latest in the CDE patented Infinity screening range, a ProGrade H2-60 screen, an EvoWash sand classification and dewatering system, conveyors, a decanter centrifuge and AquaCycle thickener.

Every day, the plant processes up to 150 tonnes an hour of CD&E waste into high-value construction products, which would have otherwise been bound for landfill.

CDE’s customised solution processes CD&E waste and rinses and grades it to make six in-spec products, four aggregates (4-10, 10-20, 20-150, 50-100 oversize) and two sands (0-2 and 0-4).

Daniel Webber, CDE Australasia Regional Manager, says entrepreneurial companies such as Repurpose It have identified that the Sydney Basin and Melbourne are running out of sand.

“The depletion of local sand reserves means that construction and concrete companies now have to transport sand via road from further away or turn increasingly to the production of manufactured sands from hard rock deposits which are more expensive to mine and more hard-wearing on plant and equipment,” Daniel explains.

“This is where CD&E waste processing plants come into their own. They accept waste feed from metropolitan areas and clean it to repurpose it back into the local construction market.”

At the same time, Daniel says there is limited room available for tailing ponds.   

“CDE’s world-leading water recovery and tailings treatment technologies are used to make dry tailings that can be transformed into marketable products themselves,” he adds.

Hand-in-hand with protecting the planet’s finite natural resources is protecting the Earth itself and minimising the carbon emissions associated with the industry.

Vitally, the innovative wet processing plant commissioned for Repurpose It by CDE enables the waste-to-resource business to reduce its carbon dioxide output by more than 84,000 tonnes per year, based on processing 500,000 tonnes of feed material.

“Our investment demonstrates our commitment to reducing the construction industry’s reliance on extractive resources and underpins our company values of creating value from waste,” George says.

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Supporting business continuity: Mandalay Technologies

With the impact of COVID-19 being felt by waste businesses across the country, Mandalay Technologies provides advice on mitigating some of the social and economic risks through improved service delivery.

Read moreSupporting business continuity: Mandalay Technologies

New CRC initiative seeks 80 per cent reduction in construction waste

Building 4.0 CRC, a collaborative initiative that seeks to reduce waste and emissions from building projects, has received a $28 million Cooperative Research Centre grant from the Federal Government. 

Monash University, Lendlease, The University of Melbourne, Donovan Group, BlueScope, Sumitomo Forestry and CSR, along with 23 other partners, have been successful in securing the funding to establish Building 4.0 CRC – an initiative seeking to transform how buildings are designed and manufactured in Australia.

Announced by Industry, Science and Technology Minister Karen Andrews, the $28 million grant will leverage a combined $103 million from industry, government and research partners – bringing the combined research budget to $131 million over seven years.

According to a Monash University statement, the Building 4.0 CRC research initiative is focused on using digital solutions, new products and processes to transform Australia’s building industry to a tech-enabled, collaborative future.

“Some of the outcomes this initiative hopes to achieve include: an 80 per cent reduction in construction waste and a 50 per cent reduction in Co2 emissions for more sustainable buildings,” the statement reads.

Building 4.0 CRC Chair and Engineers Australia CEO Bronwyn Evans said the initiative will bring together expertise in the fields of architecture, design, planning, construction, engineering, business, information technology and law to develop industry-wide practices and protocols intended to transform the entire sector.

“It will also leverage the latest technologies, data science and artificial intelligence to enable the application of robotics and digital fabrication to optimise all phases of building delivery – including development, design, production, assembly, operation, maintenance and end-of-life,” she said.

“The Building 4.0 CRC is going to be a really important factor in making sure we have a competitive future and we are addressing those broad sector needs.”

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Demolishing waste: CJD Equipment and Repurpose It

George Hatzimanolis, Repurpose It CEO, speaks with Waste Management Review about achieving C&D recycling process efficiency through heavy duty equipment. 

As the nation’s third largest industry, construction predictably generates a significant amount of waste, representing 38 per cent of Australia’s total waste in 2017.

That said, the recycling sector has adapted quickly, with C&D recovery regularly hitting 90 per cent across major urban areas.

Repurpose It opened Australia’s first construction and demolition washing plant in March 2019, just 20 kilometres north of Melbourne’s central business district.

With a process capacity of 250 tonnes per hour, the facility accepts a variety of waste streams. These include traditional excavation waste such as rock, sand and silt and other unnatural inert materials, including concrete, grit and rail ballast.

George Hatzimanolis, Repurpose It CEO, says when dealing with material variability and tonnages of this scale, equipment reliability is crucial to achieving efficient recovery operations.

George adds that with stringent infrastructure project timelines and a steady influx of C&D carting trucks, he needs to ensure the Epping plant maintains maximum uptime.

To ensure streamlined handling and loading, George operates a range of Volvo excavators and wheel loaders. He adds that Repurpose It acquired the machines through long-term equipment partner CJD Equipment.

“We chose Volvo equipment because we feel there is an alignment between Volvo’s energy efficiency engineering values and Repurpose It’s aim to reduce our carbon footprint,” George says.

“CJD has been the preferred equipment partner of Repurpose It since the business was established, and currently offer servicing and after-sales support for the entire Volvo fleet.”

Repurpose It operates three Volvo excavators out of its facility: an EC250DL and two EC220DLs.

George says the excavators are used for general earthmoving, screen feeding, sorting and stockpiling. He adds that all three machines provide impressive fuel efficiency and operator comfort.

“Operator comfort and safety was a key factor for us, given our team is sometimes working eight hours a day in the machines,” he says.

All three excavators operate with Volvo’s modern D6 diesel engine, which reports 10 per cent extra fuel efficiency compared to competing designs.

On the loading front, Repurpose It decided on two Volvo wheel-loaders, an L110F and L220H.

“The former provides quick and easy operations, while the latter’s 32-tonne classification makes it the heavy hitter of the site,” George says.

CJD supplied both loaders with a collection of buckets, hydraulic breaks and grabs, including four-in-one hi-dump and light material buckets and fork attachments.

According to a new report from SGS Economics and Planning, Melbourne is set to overtake Sydney as Australia’s most significant economic city in 2020, largely on the back of construction. This suggests George could see an influx of material over coming years.

“Our workforce is growing as a result of the new product streams we are developing, and we’re backing that up with investment in new technology and processes,” George says.

“But it’s also important for us to maintain the efficiency of our traditional heavy machinery, which CJD facilitates through a customer-focused service strategy.”

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BINGO opens new Sydney recycling centre

BINGO Industries has opened its newest recycling centre in Mortdale, Sydney, with a license to collect 220,000 tonnes of commercial and industrial waste each year.

Located in close proximity to major transport routes the M5 Motorway and King Georges Road, BINGO CEO Daniel Tartak said the new facility provides a convenient tipping location for South West Sydney’s construction and demolition and commercial and industrial waste.

“This is an exciting milestone for our larger Sydney network redevelopment, and our Mortdale facility has been designed to play an important transfer and collections role within this network.” he said.

According to Mr Tartak, the facility has been built to comply with BINGO’s high standards of safety and environmental management, with advanced safety systems including fire protection hydrants, hose reels, sprinklers, water storage tanks, traffic barriers and CCTV inspection cameras.

100 kilowatts of roof-mounted solar panels have also been installed, which will see BINGO save roughly 2500 tonnes of carbon emissions over the life of the panels.

“The facility is a great example of what investment in recycling infrastructure can achieve, even at a smaller site. What was once an outdated waste facility is now leading the way in terms of fire protection, traffic flow efficiency and site safety,” Mr Tartak said.

“Space is at a premium at this site. To ensure we get our customers in and out as quickly as possible, we’ve installed four split weighbridges, meaning we can have trucks weighing in and out at the same time.”

Materials tipped at BINGO’s Mortdale facility will be sorted through the newly installed onsite plant. Material off-take will then be transferred to BINGO’s Eastern Creek and Patons Lane recycling plants, where it will be turned into BINGO’s ECO-product range of recycled building and landscaping products.

“With construction activity expected to increase across Sydney over the coming year, the opening of our Mortdale facility is well-timed,” Mr Tartak said.

“Sydney’s population and economic growth is fuelling an increase in waste volumes, and we need recycling infrastructure such as this to prevent waste from going into landfill.”

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The handshake agreement

Waste Management Review speaks with Gavin Shapiro, Hones Lawyers Partner, about changing regulation in the C&D sphere.

After a spate of regulatory changes, the NSW EPA published two guidance documents to help the construction and demolition industry strengthen procurement and contract processes around waste disposal.

While not legally binding, the documents serve as a compliance guide for procurement officers and construction principals, with the aim of ensuring appropriate construction and demolition (C&D) waste disposal.

General guidance points include understanding waste streams, questioning quotes that appear too low, checking council development consent and environment protection laws and having clear roles and responsibilities for operators managing waste.

Gavin Shapiro, Hones Lawyers Partner and environmental law specialist, says while the guidelines don’t hold regulatory weight, they do offer useful instruction.

“There’s sound advice in the documents, and while I don’t agree 100 per cent with everything, I think it’s a good effort from the EPA to jolt industry in a positive direction,” he says.

“That said, from my experience, the only thing that pushes parties towards compliance is legal penalties and consequences. Legislation is the big stick the EPA has to wave around to incentivise compliance.”

Gavin notes that the guidelines, Construction and Demolition Waste: A Management Toolkit and Owner’s Guide to Lawful Disposal of Construction and Demolition Waste, follow earlier revisions to C&D waste standards in NSW.

Coming into effect 15 May 2019, the EPA’s Standards for Managing Construction Waste were designed to ensure waste facilities handling C&D implement appropriate processes and procedures to minimise human health and environment risks posed by asbestos.

Under the revised standards, waste facilities dealing with C&D are required to implement a two-stage inspection process to ensure unpermitted waste does not enter the facility.

In an additional layer of legal complexity, the May 2019 standards followed another set of revisions from November 2018.

As the more substantive of the two, the 2018 amendments include restrictions on exhuming waste at current or former landfills and increased penalty notice amounts for asbestos waste offenders.

As reported in Waste Management Review, the standards were devised after multiple investigations and industry feedback, and data analysis revealed a range of ongoing issues in the C&D waste sector.

In a 2016 consultation paper, the NSW EPA noted “poor processes” pose a risk to the community and resource recovery rates.

Issues highlighted include poor inspection and screening processes that failed to remove contaminants from mixed C&D, negligent handling and unprocessed waste sent for non-compliant disposal.

The quick succession of regulatory reforms, paired with the “need” to release detailed guidance documents, highlights an issue of scale for one of Australia’s fasted growing resource recovery sectors.

STRONG RECOMMENDATIONS

Tip three of the EPA’s owner’s guide “strongly recommends waste owners enter into a written contract with the contactor that established waste transport and disposal requirements”.

Tip three goes on to suggest that owners ensure any subcontractual arrangements are in accordance with the contact. While it may seem straightforward, according to Gavin, dodgy waste contracts are a significant issue in the construction sphere.

“There’s two problems. First, construction site principals often sign one contract with the head contractor. The head contractor then subcontacts to a demolition contractor, and the demolition contractor sub-subcontracts to a waste transporter,” Gavin explains.

“It’s very uncommon for the principal to contract with a waste transporter, and realistically, I don’t anticipate that the EPA’s new guidelines will change that – it’s just not how these projects work.”

The second and potentially more challenging problem, Gavin says, is demolition contactors and waste transporters often don’t sign written contracts.   

“It’s often a handshake agreement, which is something I’ve always advised clients against,” he says.

“Pushing parties to sign written contracts and subsequently seeing clear, stringent requirements enforced would be a big positive.”

Despite efforts to encourage to written contracts, Gavin says the “handshake agreement” is an ingrained part of construction culture.

“It’s just the thing that’s always been done – there’s a feeling that if an operator needs a written contract, they don’t trust the other party,” he says.

“But with so many incidents of waste offences and high potential liability, it’s a part of the culture that needs to change.”

Under the NSW Protection of the Environment Operations Act (POEO), waste generation from C&D sites, including soil and demolition waste, must be disposed of or reused lawfully.

As such, waste owners and waste transporters may both be guilty of an offence when waste is transported to a place that cannot lawfully function as a waste facility. This is the most common form of noncompliance and subsequent prosecution in the waste industry, Gavin says.

The POEO provides a defence for waste owners if the owner can establish the offence was due to causes out of their control and that they exercised due diligence.

Gavin notes however that no-one has successfully argued that defence in NSW for 30 years. He jokes that to successfully mount that defence, an owner would have to prove someone broke into their property, took materials offsite and transported them.

“In all seriousness, a waste owner would have to demonstrate such a high level of due diligence and best practice, plus prove they had no ability to control the waste management process,” he says.

“Fulfilling both those criteria is exceedingly difficult.”

While he believes much of the guideline advice is sound, Gavin cautions against the idea that principals should develop direct contractual relationships with waste transporters. He adds that given the scale of many of the projects in question, direct contracts can introduce untenable legal liability.

Another issue, Gavin says, is that recent C&D reforms have significantly increased risk for facility operators.

“It’s a tug of war between a genuine desire to see environmental protection through heavy regulation and growing resource recovery rates,” he says.

“Finding a middle ground between the two is the million-dollar question.”

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